The Shorpy Archive
 
6000+ fine-art prints suitable for framing. Desk-size to sofa-size and larger, on archival paper or canvas.
 
Join and Share

 
Social Shorpy

To love him is to like him. Our goal: 100k "likes":

 
Syndicate content
Syndicate content
Syndicate content
Daily e-mail updates:

 
 
 
 
Member Photos


Photos submitted by Shorpy members.

 
Colorized Photos


Colorized photos submitted by members.

 
About the Photos

Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

WEB SITE & CONTENTS
© 2014 SHORPY INC.

[REV 25-NOV-2014]

 
 
JUMP TO PAGE   100  >  200  >  300  >  400  >  500  >  600
VINTAGRAPH • WPA • WWII • AUSTRALIA TRAVEL, c. 1930

Asylum Hospital: 1915

Asylum Hospital: 1915

March 16, 1915. "Operating Room, Washington Asylum Hospital." More sanitary, one hopes, than the moldy glass plate recording the scene. View full size.

 

As mentioned in a comment on another photo ~

Once again, anesthesiologists working under the assumption that they do not carry or exhale microorganisms of any kind. (No offense intended to anyone here who works in that profession and knows better.) In 15 years of working in the ORs of many different facilities (I was a traveling Surgical Technologist for several years, not a "job hopper") I have come across so many who still think that way.

As for poorly tied masks, it seems there was some assumption as well that covering the mouth only was adequate sterile technique, and the nose was OK to leave uncovered. Fortunately, we know better now!

I don't see too many breaks in technique not already mentioned, other than the round metal basin in the ring stand, where there is not complete coverage of the ring stand by the sterile wrapping the basin came in. (There are parts of the stand still exposed where the basin touches it.)

Fortunately, something else has been improved upon, and that is the type of chemicals used to scrub hands and the patient's skin before surgery. I have some 1920s reference books on operating technique, and without getting too detailed, some of them are downright frightening. For hand scrubbing at one point, it sounds more like they are tanning leather; and for emergency skin preps of the patient, gasoline or kerosene was recommended, since there wasn't time in an emergency to use the time consuming and laborious process normally done for a scheduled procedure! And they say ether was explosive!

Other than the poor

Other than the poor attention to properly tying (and wearing!) their masks, and the mold encrustations, there is almost nothing in this picture that is not "up to code" for modern infection control. Even the light fixtures are covered!
Gloves, gowns, head covers, proper drapes obscuring all but the immediate operative field... We still have to use constant vigilance to enforce these things. These people were no less intelligent than we, and knew as much, at least, classical microbiology as any current surgeon. And unlike a modern surgeon they knew that avoiding sepsis depended on their technique, with no safety net.

The autoclave was mature technology, invented in 1879. Laundry was certainly something they knw how to do -- they probably ironed everything, too. There's no problem with reusing linen if done well.

And, just an FYI, more "superbugs" come from the factory farm and community in general than from the hospital, these days.

I Hope

Jeb70 mentioned sanitary conditions in hospitals and ended with the statement "Who knows? Years from now someone may look at a picture of modern day operating procedures and think, 'How backward those people were. They had no sense of cleanliness or sanitation.'" Given the rates of staph and other infections in our modern "sanitary" hospitals I certainly hope so.

Re: Spectator Sport

Not Crackerjacks -- Junior Mints. They're very refreshing!

Hard times

No antibiotics. Even sulfonamides were a newfangled fad not yet used much except against a few specific infections (e.g. Salvarsan). Few sterile use-and-discard implements (or even bandages), if any at all. No insurance.

Thanks, I'll take the 21st century. The only upside, no hospital superbugs. They weren't needed to kill a patient. Job could be done by any normal self-respecting bug.

The Rack

Yes, Downer is right.
It was called the ‘’Peanut Gallery’’.

Sanitary Conditions

I always cringe when I see pictures like these that were taken "back in the day." But really, the sanitation standards had increased so dramatically since the Civil War that there is almost no comparison. I certainly would not like to be operated upon using the sterilization procedures in this picture. Who knows? Years from now someone may look at a picture of modern day operating procedures and think, "How backward those people were. They had no sense of cleanliness or sanitation."

Insanitary and Antiquated


Washington Post, October 30, 1915.

Needs a New Hospital.

Asylum Superintendent Points Out Ill Conditions Without It.

Need for a new hospital for the Washington Asylum, Nineteenth and C streets southeast, is insisted upon in the annual report of L. F. Zinkhan, superintendent of the Washington Asylum and Jail, transmitted to the commissioners yesterday. This recommendation, with others from annual reports of department heads of District government, is to be printed and sent to congress.

Mr. [Louis] Zinkhan describes the present buildings at the Washington Asylum and Jail as "insanitary and antiquated." He declares during the past year there has been 50 per cent more patients cared for than there was room for. The year's total of cases treated is reported to have been 3,103, in addition to a large number treated at the jail.

The superintendent reports 54 births at the asylum this year and 354 deaths. Daily average beyond capacity. The accommodations there, he says are for 175 patients, but there has been a daily average population of 198 cases, with a maximum population for one day at 263.

“In the psychopathic wards we treated during the year 580 suspects. Of these 267 were transferred to the Government Hospital for the Insane. In the same wards there were also treated many cases of acute alcoholism and others addicted to morphinism. The latter class of cases should be treated in separate wards, for which we have no provisions.”

Mention is made of several improvements at the institution, including the growth of the training school, the completion of a new pathological and X-ray laboratory.

Recommendations for the hospital are enumerated below as follows: An operating-room nurse, a night supervisor, a dietician, increase in the housekeeper's compensation, a stenographer, operating-room expenses and a new refrigerator and ice chest for the hospital kitchen.

97 years of progress

Hard to believe this picture was taken so recently as my father was 6 in 1915. We must be thankful for the many improvements in medicine in such a relatively short span of time and be grateful to all the doctors in both research and treatment for their ability to keep us alive and well longer than ever before. Life is good.

Besides the mold

this is still one very creepy scene!!

Spectator Sport

The rack contraption on the left looks more like it's to seat operation observers than anything else, and you're to bring your own Crackerjacks.

 
THE 100-YEAR-OLD PHOTO BLOG
Shorpy.com | History in HD is a vintage photo blog featuring thousands of high-definition images from the 1850s to 1950s. The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a teenage coal miner who lived 100 years ago.

Syndicate content RSS | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Photo Use | © 2014 Shorpy Inc.