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Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

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Santa Fe Flagman: 1943

Santa Fe Flagman: 1943

March 1943. "Baring, Missouri. A flagman returning to a train on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad about to start, after having taken on coal and water." Photo by Jack Delano for the Office of War Information. View full size.

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Rule 99

Up until the 1980's when railroads eliminated cabooses and changed the rules, when a train stopped on a main track it was the responsibility of the flagman to protect his train from being run into from behind by a following train. When the engineer was slowing to a stop he would sound his whistle with one long and three short toots. The flagman riding in the caboose upon hearing the whistle signal would drop off the back end of the train with his "flagging kit" (red flag, fusees, and torpedos) and walk back one mile (counting rails or telegraph poles to know how far he'd gone) to place two torpedos on the rail as a warning to a following train to slow down. He then walked half way back to his caboose and waited there for further instruction. As seen in this photo, this was done regardless of weather!

If a following train approached he'd signal it to stop short of hitting his own train from behind.

When his engineer was ready to resume running, the engineer would whistle 4 or 5 short toots. The flagman could then return to his caboose, as seen in the photo of him carrying his flagging kit.

What a job!

Jack Delano had to traverse the US by train and take photos of the things he saw or did. That must have been some great fun but probably not very comfortable in terms of accomodations. Plus, he earned $2,300/yr. working for FSA. According to inflation calculators, that would be about $31,500 today.

SHORPY HISTORICAL PHOTO ARCHIVE | History in HD is a vintage photo archive featuring thousands of high-definition images from the 1850s to 1960s. (Available as fine-art prints from the Shorpy Archive.) The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a teenage coal miner who lived 100 years ago.

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