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Most of the photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs, 20 to 200 megabytes in size) from the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) Many were digitized by LOC contractors using a Sinar studio back. They are adjusted by your webmaster for contrast and color in Photoshop before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here.

 
 
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VINTAGRAPH • WPA • WWII • STAY ONE JUMP AHEAD OF TROUBLE, 1945

Aeroplane: 1917

Aeroplane: 1917

1917. "Langley, Samuel Pierpont. Secretary, Smithsonian Institute. Experimental tandem biplane on Potomac embodying Langley principles." View full size.

 

Mystery tandem plane

I know this picture from the files of the Library of Congress. There is even a second one from another angle. This machine is very different from the Curtiss built so-called Langley copy and at that it is dated at 1917, while the Curtiss-Langley affair was in 1914.

There are other pictures of a tandem wing machine on the Potomac in the LOC, where the machine is attributed to the Richardson Brothers.

Alas a lost piece of history here, at least till now

Curtiss-Langley

I don't think this is the Langley aircraft Curtiss famously rebuilt (and enhanced) and flew in 1914 to prove it was capable of flight before the Wrights.

That aircraft was a tandem monoplane (two sets of single wings) whilst this is a tandem biplane. The caption phrase about "Langley principles" probably refers to the tandem (fore-aft) wing arrangement, not Langley's direct involvement (he died 10 years earlier).

In any event, this aircraft looks rather primitive by 1917 standards, even for a seaplane. Curtiss's own designs (he was the preeminent seaplane developer) were a lot further ahead.

Rest of the Story

Curtiss Biplane

Curtiss's rebuild of Langley's plane was an attempt to get around the Wright brothers' patents for powered flight. His intent was to demonstrate that Langley had a flight-worthy design before the Wright brothers. The original Langley plane crashed on takeoff. Curtiss rebuilt the wrecked plane years later, making numerous design enhancements to get it airborne. Needless to say the Wrights were infuriated.

Curtiss

I think this is the rebuild of Langley's prototype by Curtiss. All of Langley's versions ( if I remember correctly) failed. Curtiss' version would take off and fly and safely land.

Fantasy Island: The Early Years

Yelling "De plane! De plane!" didn't have the same effect in the silent-film era.

 
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