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About the Photos

Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

© 2019 SHORPY INC.

[REV 25-NOV-2014]

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The Car Factory: 1911

The Car Factory: 1911

Detroit circa 1911. "Boulevard view, Packard auto plant." At least two laborers are hard at work in our second look at the expansion of Albert Kahn's factory from two stories to four, at the spot where a bridge was eventually built over Grand Boulevard, connecting this building with one across the street. View full size.

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The look of industrial America

This plant is so typical of industrial buildings in the first half of the 20'th century, reinforced concrete columns and floors with wall gaps filled in with brick or glass. They were efficient in the use of steel, trading low steel use for high labor costs for forming, pouring, stripping, etc.

This style of construction was especially appropriate for WWII factories when steel was needed by the war effort and concrete and brick were more readily available.

As structural steel became less expensive and more plentiful and labor costs increased for the forming and pouring over the years, structural steel structures with steel curtain walls replaced this style of building in America in the 1950's. The style continued on much longer in Europe and the Eastern Block.

Today it is very rare to see a new cast in place reinforced concrete building in America.

Kahn's work was not limited to rectangular layout factories like the Packard plant. He was also very capable of designing "people" buildings that were functional and very good looking.

Packard plant today

A youtube link to a drone tour through the remains, with a MoTown tune to view by.

It pains me bad to think that one of America's finest autos used to roll out of there, and today it looks like a bombed-out 35 acre war zone.

What I wouldnt give to see it operating in its heyday.

License on the radiator

Michigan started with official license plates in 1910. From 1905-1910 the auto owner had to provide his own plates based on a number assigned by the state. This motorist opted to paint his number in bold and sloppy lettering across the radiator. Not classy, but legal. So this photo has to be earlier than 1911. Want to know more, visit

Bryant and Detwiler Contractor

There can be no question that Albert Kahn, John Bryant and Ward Detwiler (Bryant and Detwiler Contractors, Detroit) helped shape the greatness Detroit had achieved at its peak. Arguably, Kahn and Bryant/Detwiler were a team: Kahn would design and Bryant /Detwiler would build many of the great buildings that once graced Detroit’s landscape.

Interesting Plate

It looks like the license plate number was painted on the radiator of that car. Was this a common practice?

[Or "license number," since there is no plate. - Dave]

SHORPY OLD PHOTO ARCHIVE | History in HD is a vintage photo archive featuring thousands of high-definition images from the 1850s to 1960s. (Available as fine-art prints from the Shorpy Archive.) The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a teenage coal miner who lived 100 years ago.

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