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Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

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[REV 25-NOV-2014]

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The Cootie: 1922

The Cootie: 1922

Washington, D.C., 1922. "Capt. Kopper and 'Cootie' at White House." National Photo Company Collection glass negative. View full size.

On Shorpy:
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This is Captain Frederick Kopper, Jr., son of the former commander of New York's 71st Infantry Regiment from 1897 - 1891. He died under mysterious circumstances as stated in the article below from the Xenia [Ohio] Evening Gazette of April 20, 1927. Born in Vermont in 1880, he was a veteran of both the Spanish-American War and World War I. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

In 1906 Kopper was involved in creating an automobile company (Lewis Power Company) which probably never produced any cars, and he patented a muffler in 1924 (US 1483354 A applied for in 1919). He held $800,000 in New York property in 1920, and his family was involved in both the real estate business and steel production. After moving to Washington, D.C. circa 1919, he worked at the Dept. of Commerce and the Bureau of Standards before opening up his own mechanical engineering practice, an auto repair shop, and a machine shop.


By 1922 serious racers didn't drive on wooden, artillery wheels. If these broke up the car invariably turned over.


That thing that looks like a fuel pump is actually a hand-operated Klaxon horn—like the Model No.3 in the lower left of the ad below. A bit pricey at $4.00 in 1918, but more affordable than the electric versions.


Fuel Pump

The apparatus on the outside of the car by his left forearm is part of the fuel system. Periodically the driver would have to work this pump to increase the air pressure in the fuel tank to maintain enough pressure to force fuel from the tank to the engine. This system required a great deal of hand pumping as the liquid volume of the gasoline in the tank was replaced by air as the fuel was used up.

Cootie Zeitgeist

Thanks for the technical details, Horace T. Water -- I had thought, when I first saw the photo, that the "Cootie" might be a Model T underneath. In 1923, when he was 19 years old, my father (the original/real Ormington) built a Ford-based race car that must have looked something like that. No photos survive, nor did the car itself for long. In one of my father's first races, there was a major accident, with another driver killed, and my father's right arm badly mangled. He kept his arm and gradually regained full use of it, but his family prevailed on him to get into a "safer" form of motorsports if he was determined to keep at it, so he took up boat racing, in outboard-powered hydroplanes, and did that for thirty years, with some flipovers but no serious injuries. Still, he never got over wanting to race cars, and in his 70's, my father (with that same salvaged right arm exercising its usual creativity) built a replica 1920's race car made of parts from Mustangs and Austin-Healeys and other items he had on hand, which he then exhibited at car meets. He died in 1991 -- I wish he could have seen this "Cootie" photo, as I know he would have loved it.

Gow Job

A Ford, Model T based, speedster. An early hot rod. The exhaust exiting from the left side indicates a high performance overhead valve cylinder head, possibly a RAJO, built in Racine, Wisconsin

Well now

Isn't he just to coolest thing since (or before) James Dean.

SHORPY HISTORICAL PHOTO ARCHIVE | History in HD is a vintage photo archive featuring thousands of high-definition images from the 1850s to 1960s. (Available as fine-art prints from the Shorpy Archive.) The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a teenage coal miner who lived 100 years ago.

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