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Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

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[REV 25-NOV-2014]

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Flow Master: 1940

Flow Master: 1940

September 1940. "Control room, waterworks. Conduit Road, Washington, D.C." Photo by Edwin Rosskam, Office of War Information. View full size.

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Time current

lectrogeek is correct; those are protective relays for medium voltage circuit breakers. Large motors in waterworks typically are 4160 volt or sometimes 7500 volts. All those relays had to be calibrated usually once a year by a technician with an ohmmeter and a spring calibration tool. Now you plug a laptop in and set the parameters and logic with your keyboard. Up until recently most utilities did not trust the newer electronic relays and still used the older electro mechanical types.

Dr. Morbius I presume?

Reminds me a bit of the Krell power station from Forbidden Planet.


That's a big waterworks for its time, because I thought I was looking at a power plant switchboard. The devices with glass globes secured by wingnuts look like watthour meters, but actually they are protective relays. The reason for the resemblance is that they work on the same principal: the calculation of the phase angle between two magnetic fields, that of the voltage and the current, using a rotating disk propelled by induction. Since the functions are similar, manufacturers General Electric and Westinghouse pulled parts for both types of devices from a common bin.

A protective relay detects abnormal conditions on the line, and sends a signal to open a breaker. There are a few dozen different relays for different functions, which is probably why we see so many here. Nowadays, one digital relay can serve multiple functions.

The appearance of this board tells me this plant probably used high voltage, or maybe even had its own power plant on site.

New name

Conduit Road is now known as MacArthur Boulevard. There's a big water and sewer facility just before the Maryland line, which probably is where this picture was taken (though the actual building might not be around any more).

SHORPY HISTORICAL PHOTO ARCHIVE | History in HD is a vintage photo archive featuring thousands of high-definition images from the 1850s to 1960s. (Available as fine-art prints from the Shorpy Archive.) The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a teenage coal miner who lived 100 years ago.

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