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Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

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[REV 25-NOV-2014]

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Fire-Eater: 1942

Fire-Eater: 1942

December 1942. Chicago, Illinois. "Working on a giant locomotive, one of the '400s,' in the Chicago & North Western Railroad shops." Medium-format negative by Jack Delano for the Office of War Information. View full size.

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Another beauty.

Truly, Jack Delano was the Ansel Adams of Railroad photography.

Extended Stall

They have some kind of door extension on this stall to give them more room to pull out the superheater tubes in the front. I guess this is a LONG locomotive!

Built for but not used for the 400.

I believe the 4000 series C&NW 4-6-4s were not used in "400" service and instead ran mainly on the Chicago-Council Bluffs name trains--mostly on the lesser trains. Late in life they pulled commuter trains around Chicago. They were bucking progress--- namely the diesel electric. The 2900 series 4-6-2s ran the 400 until diesels bumped them in the late 30s. A 2900 is pictured in Vonderbees color postcard view. The 4000 series 4-6-4s were the most powerful 4-6-4s ever constructed. The popular New York Central 4-6-4s couldn't match them. The 4000s were scrapped in the mid 1950s except for one used for steam generator service at Escanaba and that one lasted until the mid-60s.

#4000's built for "The 400":

This is one of the E-4 class 4-6-4 Hudson locomotives C&NW ordered for their crack "400" passenger train numbered 4000-4009. Chicago to the Twin Cities: The "400", 400 miles in 400 minutes. Not bad with 8 stops along the way. Obviously undergoing heavy repairs. You can also clearly see the streamlined shroud supports along the top of the boiler, the streamlining having been removed for service. These were beautiful engines, it is too bad they were all cut up for scrap.

The 400 In Action

Here's a postcard view of it.

SHORPY HISTORICAL PHOTO ARCHIVE | History in HD is a vintage photo archive featuring thousands of high-definition images from the 1850s to 1960s. (Available as fine-art prints from the Shorpy Archive.) The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a teenage coal miner who lived 100 years ago.

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