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Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

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[REV 25-NOV-2014]

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Gob Is My Co-Pilot: 1923

Gob Is My Co-Pilot: 1923

July 27, 1923. "Naval submarine plane." View full size. National Photo Co.

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For Dave

Can you note that the comment Parnall Peto refers to the British sub photo that you posted. The Parnall was British and is the Acft in that photo. The subject photo is the Cox-Klemin XS-1 (because of the 3-cylinder engine.)

Parnall Peto

That's a Parnall Peto, built by George Parnall and Company, Ltd.

Cox-Klemin XS-1

Or XS-2, depending on the engine. They both competed in trials during 1926 with the very similar Martin MS-1, before the Navy eventually decided to drop the whole idea.


One old adage that I remember came from a friend who was in the submarine service: "There's only two kinds of ships in the Navy-submarines and targets."

Sub Plane

That raises the perhaps stupid question of how the submarine plane was designed and fitted out in order to be submerged? As in strapped on the deck while underwater. Looking at the photo, it seems much of that mini floatplane could be assembled and disassembled readily. And placed in a waterproof chamber perhaps? My father was a WWII submariner, a torpedo man on the USS Raton. Didn't talk about it all that much. But his South Pacific shore leave stories were hilarious.

[Click the photo below. - Dave]

Submarine plane?

Submarine plane...? Hope that name didn't reflect on its ability to stay in the air, and not under water. More likely just another one of those off-the-cuff descriptive titles that didn't last as long as its subject did.

[It's a floatplane that could be launched from a submarine. Who can identify it ... Caspar-Heinkel U-1? - Dave]

SHORPY HISTORICAL PHOTO ARCHIVE | History in HD is a vintage photo archive featuring thousands of high-definition images from the 1850s to 1960s. (Available as fine-art prints from the Shorpy Archive.) The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a teenage coal miner who lived 100 years ago.

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