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Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

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[REV 25-NOV-2014]

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Powerhouse: 1920

Powerhouse: 1920

      On this Labor Day 2013, Shorpy wishes everyone a meaningful and at least momentary break from toil.

"Powerhouse Mechanic and Steam Pump" (1920). One of Lewis Wickes Hine's celebrated "work portraits" made after he completed his decade-long project documenting child labor. View full size.

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You know a photo is famous

When it's copied in another medium.

RE: Correct Wrench

That caught my eye, too: especially since there's no way it can turn clockwise without fouling the bolt head above it. But I suspect they needed a loose fit around the nut so the wrench could be held at an compositionally satisfying angle.

Correct wrench

It is the angle at which the wrench is being held that makes it seem too large. The ends of the wrench are on the nut, but the back part is closer too the camera, so looks larger. If it were flat, it would be clear that if fit.

Correct Wrench

Does it not seem a bit large for the nut?

Posing is also work

Hine let his working people look like they were posing, which is the work they were doing at that particular moment. It's one reason why his photos are art as well as documents.


Some years ago (decades actually) I had the good fortune to work with Ray Scott on a number of different projects. Mostly he'd invent and I'd build. He was utterly brilliant and constantly creating things. Bright idea-sparks seemed to fly from him.

We were speaking about composition and the origins of how music is "made" - he told me that the basic ostinato theme for "Powerhouse" came from a peek inside the large open doors of one of ConEd's steam-electric plants in New York in the 30s.

He said: "I was just knocked out by the rhythm and sounds those three big engines were making. And they stayed in sync with each other for quite a long time. Immediately I heard the tune in my head, and I practically ran to my office to write it down!"

Hanging in a frame on the wall of my studio is a signed copy of the sheet music he gave me - one of my 'treasured things'.

Pleasant Labor Day to all here at Shorpy - especially Dave and tterrace whose Labors we enjoy.

He looks like

Amazing! but he looks like Buster Crabbe!


"As if the worker was blended with the machine." - Anonymous Tipster, Tue, 07/22/08

But is the relationship symbiotic, or parasitic -- and if the latter, which is the parasite and which the host?

Extra credit: Do you think your answer to that question might have been different if Keanu Reeves and/or the Wachowski Bros had never existed?


The rock group Rush used this picture in some of their art work on their Snakes & Arrows Audio DVD. There were some mods to the picture but the main part of it was this image.

Strong image

As if the worker was blended with the machine.


Three cheers to Dave for his note about art and portraiture.


This picture is brilliant, and I've often thought that this guy looks like a model. If he was less attractive would it hold appeal?

Express Yourself

Looks like something from the Madonna "Express Yourself" music video... Ooops. I just dated myself.. :-)


I did a project on this photograph in grade 12 photography. I was actually expecting it to appear on eventually, seeing how it's such an iconic piece. It was called Steamfitter when we did the project, do you know if both titles are used interchangeably?

This was the picture that got me interested in Lewis Wickes Hine's photography. Thanks for posting it!

Nice Image.

I think Chaplin in "Modern Times" and Fritz Lang in "Metropolis" must have been inspired by this photo.

Listening to "Powerhouse"

While looking at a picture titled "Powerhouse" what could be more appropriate that listening to Raymond Scott's "Powerhouse."

Re: Icon

> That has got to be one of the iconic pictures of the 20th century.

...staged like so many of them.

[It's not "staged," it's posed. Which is how art photography works. No different from painting, sculpture or any other representational form. This is why it's called a portrait. - Dave]


That has got to be one of the iconic pictures of the 20th century.

SHORPY OLD PHOTO ARCHIVE | History in HD is a vintage photo archive featuring thousands of high-definition images from the 1850s to 1960s. (Available as fine-art prints from the Shorpy Archive.) The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a teenage coal miner who lived 100 years ago.

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