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Big Boumi: 1923

Big Boumi: 1923

"Past and present in locomotives. Eckington Yards, June 4, 1923." A closeup of the locomotive seen here yesterday in the Baltimore & Ohio rail yard during the Masonic convention in Washington, D.C. The big engine wears the livery of "Boumi Temple," a Baltimore Shrine lodge. 5x7 glass negative. View full size.


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The Pioneer

The wooden passenger car in the middle right edge of the photo is a replica of the 'Pioneer'.

From the B&O website:
"When the B&O began operation in 1830, its trains were pulled by horses. Constructed by Richard Imlay, the "Pioneer" was the first passenger car on the Baltimore & Ohio and was one of the first passenger cars produced in the United States. The "Pioneer" carried the B&O board of directors on the railroad's first run to Ellicott Mills on May 22, 1830. In 1836, the B&O stopped using horses to pull trains, but kept horses in its stables at Mt. Clare until the 1880s to pull cars through the city. The original "Pioneer" was scrapped at an unknown date. A replica was constructed by the railroad in 1892 for the World's Columbian Exposition. It was also displayed at the 1927 Fair of the Iron Horse."

Another replica of the Pioneer is on display at the B&O Railroad Museum: Ellicott City Station. The station is the oldest surviving railroad station in the US.

Over a Barrel

The barrel more likely contained water for the boiler. There may have been a small box for coal, but small and early locos didn't stray too far from a source of fuel. Water was a bigger concern, so it was almost always carried on the engine or in the tender.

Fuel barrel

I assume that the barrel was filled with coal for the vertical boiler. I wonder where the engineer stood to operate this engine, it was probably dangerous as all hell with the exposed operating mechanism.

Single smokestack

Thes engines were Mallet-system compounds when built, with a single blastpipe and smokestack. When they were converted to single-expansion engines they were fitted with dual blastpipes and stacks:

Shriners and Masons

Just some clarification from one who has traveled east, and also travelled over the hot sands.

Masons belong to Lodges. Shriners belong to Temples. All Shriners are Masons, but all Masons are not Shriners. These cars and locomotives hauled Shriners to a convention of some sort.

No, we do not and never have secretly or openly ruled the world.

More On These Locomotives

The 7100 is class EL-1, built by Baldwin in 1916.

The little engine is the Atlantic, but it really isn't the Atlantic. The original Atlantic was built in 1832, taken out of service in 1835 and scrapped. This locomotive was originally named the Andrew Jackson. These engines were called grasshoppers in early parlance because of their drive mechanism, and the Atlantic was the first of them. The A. Jackson was the only one left by the 1890s, when B&O wanted to send an early locomotive to the world's Columbian Exhibition, so they turned the Jackson into the first grasshopper, the Atlantic. It now resides in the B&O museum. The original Atlantic was built in 1832, of 2-2-0 wheel arrangement, and weighed 6.5 tons. The is an 0-4-0 built in February of 1836. (Source: B&O Power, Sagle and Staufer, 1964)


B&O 7100 was an EL-1 class 2-8-8-0 Mallet compound, built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1916 - the EL-1 classification is legible on the builder's plate in the full size view. Subsequent EL-2, EL-3 and EL-5 class locomotives were very similar. Most were converted to simple articulateds starting in 1927.


By all accounts that is exactly a variation of the EL-3, except for that forward stack, which doesn't seem typical for the class.

Amazing march of progress

The smaller locomotive is very interesting to see in detail. It says it was built in 1832; that makes it one of the earliest steam engines to run on rails in the country. But it was not the first; that honor corresponded to another 0-4-0 locomotive known as "Stourbridge Lion", which was built in 1828 and was imported from Britain.

This is a very, very early design concept. A vertical boiler, two vertical cylinders, moving beams and shafts, inside "crankshaft" style axles -- this thing, in its time, was capable of pulling one or two small cars for short distances and at a very low speed, but it must have been an impressive sight to behold!

I wonder if they took more pictures of that old locomotive.

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