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Our holdings include hundreds of glass and film negatives/transparencies that we've scanned ourselves; in addition, many other photos on this site were extracted from reference images (high-resolution tiffs) in the Library of Congress research archive. (To query the database click here.) They are adjusted, restored and reworked by your webmaster in accordance with his aesthetic sensibilities before being downsized and turned into the jpegs you see here. All of these images (including "derivative works") are protected by copyright laws of the United States and other jurisdictions and may not be sold, reproduced or otherwise used for commercial purposes without permission.

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[REV 25-NOV-2014]

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The Underwear Railroad: 1906

The Underwear Railroad: 1906

Cincinnati, Ohio, circa 1906. "Mount Adams incline." A closeup of one of Cincy's famous incline railway lines, and of a lesser-known clothesline. Also: Moxie! 8x10 inch dry plate glass negative, Detroit Publishing Company. View full size.

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Yes, Moxie!

Moxie is the official soft drink of the State of Maine (as of May 10, 2005). If you're going to be in Maine in July, check out the Moxie Festival. (

On Top of the Incline

This is an exceptional photo. Fascinating. My mother and her parents often took the Mount Adams incline to visit the famous Rookwood Pottery plant located on top of the incline hill. Mount Adams is still a wonderful place to visit via a walking tour. Some of these tall narrow buildings still exist alongside and in between newer structures on the Mount Adams hillside. It remains one of the cultural pockets of Cincy. For anyone interested, Rookwood Pottery relocated in 2009 from Clifton to the newly rejuvinated Over-the-Rhine historical downtown neighborhood. Cincinnati has a very active preservationist association. This city is alive with rejuvinating historical areas. Go Cincy.

I rode the Adams Incline

It closed in the 40s but I remember it well. In the summer months they would use open air cars with great views of downtown. There were several inclines in Cincy but they disappeared when buses could finally master the city's many steep hills. By 1950 all the streetcars had been replaced by buses.

Double-wire overhead

"The conductor hooks his trolley onto the wire".

The conductor would place BOTH trolley poles, one on each wire. Cincinnati used a negative return wire instead of using the track, so each car had four trolley poles.

Re: Which came first

See the three cables in the middle of the track behind the car at the bottom. Those pull the car up and let it down. Most of the power comes from gravity pulling the car that is on the way down the incline. Its weight and movement help pull the upward bound car. The engine supplying any extra power needed is up in the building at the top of the hill, probably steam at that time. Both cars are basically attached to the same cables wrapping around a wheel at the top.

University of Shorpy

I've learned more by visiting Shorpy than any history book I read in school. Thanks!


In Europe we call an inclined railway a funicular. This one had two counterbalanced platforms linked by three cables (two hosting and one safety cable). Steam engines (see the chimney) were used to power incline. There were siz I-beams, two between the tracks at the bottom station and the same at the top station and one I-beam on each platform. The normal position of all these I-beams was up. Each I-beam was counterbalanced and automatically dropped down when the platform reached the end of the track.

Up and Down

More about all five of Cincinnati's inclines here.

Moxie Lives!

Moxie lives on in the far north of New England. I can't imagine why. My grandmother used to drink this stuff when I was a kid and it's vile. For extra vileness, she used to mix it 50/50 with milk.

I was shocked when I saw it for sale on a recent trip through Maine. I hadn't seen Moxie in a store for 30 years.

Streetcar Escalator

The attentive viewer will note that the sturdy railings protecting the ends of the street-mounted tracks can be lowered when the "elevator" approaches street level, as evidenced by the rollers and center thrust pillar. The conductor hooks his trolley onto the wire, and the car may roll off the inclinator and onto the street, as shown in the submitted photo.

Logistics, please

I still don't see how the cars met up with the street level tracks. What about that fence and what appears to be a street lamp directly in front of it? Does all that stuff fold down?

And shouldn't that little girl get out of the way?

[The "inclinator" (outlined in red) carries the car up and down. I also outlined one of its wheels. When it gets to the bottom, the streetcar is level with the street and moves onto the tracks in the foreground. - Dave]

That'll stop 'em

If you look closely you'll see a pair of I-beams rising vertically out of the pavement directly between each pair of tracks. These created a simple-but-effective barrier to trolleys accidentally rolling forward into the abyss when no counterbalance platform was in the station.

The one on the left looks as if it actually did its duty a time or two.

Gone forever

This was Cincinnati's last and probably most famous incline. Every once in a while someone suggests rebuilding it, since the original right of way is largely intact. Main problem: the area at the base of the incline is now a spaghetti bowl of interstate highway concrete. The track supports are still easily seen in the google satellite view.

View Larger Map

More info

There's a book covering this called "Cincinnati; City of Seven Hills and Five Inclines" including photos, drawings and histories of all of Cincinnati's inclined plane railroads.

That photo is vivid and transfixing

Every element of it shows the complete complexity of human endeavor and effort. Human care and attention went into every atom of that shot -- from the placement of the posters along the fences, to the cobbles in the street, to the stitches in the long drawers. Is any of it left at all?

You got a lot o' Moxie pal

Fellow Shorpsters correct me if I'm wrong but I believe the Moxie soft drink brand pre-dated CocaCola by several years at least.

What firetraps!

How all those wooden shacks were kept from all burning down I'll never know. Most were heated with stoves.

Which came first

the tracks, or the houses they rub right by? And can someone tell me how the cars made it up that incline? Were they towed up?

Angel's Flight

Looks alot like Los Angeles.

Streetcar track gauge

It's not only the foreshortening that makes the streetcar tracks look rather far apart. The Cincinnati Street Railway used a broad track gauge of 5 feet 2 inches in those days.

Also: Moxie!

Dave wasn't going to let us Shorpyites overlook a Moxie sign two weeks in a row. I like Moxie.

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